artificial intelligenceartificial intelligence
- the capability of computers or programs to operate in ways believed to mimic human thought processes, such as reasoning and learning
- the branch of computer science dealing with this
- The ability of a computer or other machine to perform those activities that are normally thought to require intelligence.
- The branch of computer science concerned with the development of machines having this ability.
(plural artificial intelligences)
- Intelligence exhibited by an artificial (non-natural, man-made) entity.
- (artificial intelligence) The branch of computer science dealing with the reproduction or mimicking of human-level intelligence, self-awareness, knowledge, conscience, thought in computer programs.
- The essential quality of a machine which thinks in a manner similar to or on the same general level as a real human being.
- (computing) a computer system or software package which is artificially intelligent
- attributive form of artificial intelligence
- artificial-intelligence programmer
artificial intelligence - Computer Definition
The branch of computer science concerned with making computers behave like humans by modelling on computers human thoughts. Sometimes AI is meant to solve a problem that a person can solve but do so more efficiently using a computer.
Coined by Stanford University Professor John McCarthy, AI in recent years has been applied to games-playing programming (by making computers play chess and checkers), expert-systems programming (by making computers help doctors diagnose diseases based on symptoms cited), natural language-programming (by making computers understand natural human languages), neural network-programming (by making computers simulate intelligence by attempting to reproduce various types of physical connections occurring in animal and human brains), and robotic programming (by making computers see, hear, and react to various sensory stimuli).
To date, no computer is able to exhibit “full AI,” that is, fully simulating human behavior. The two most common programming languages used for AI activities are LISP and Prolog.
See Also: Computer; Programming Languages C, C++, Perl, and Java.
Free On-Line Dictionary of Computing. Artificial Intelligence. [Online, January 19, 2002.] Free On-Line Dictionary of Computing Website. http://foldoc .doc.ic.ac.uk/foldoc/foldoc.cgi?AI; Jupitermedia Corporation. Artificial Intelligence. [Online, February 10, 2004.] Jupitermedia Corporation Website. http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/a/ artificial_intelligence.html.