- An example of companion is a husband to his wife.
- An example of companion is an assistant living with a disabled person.
- a person who associates with or accompanies another or others; associate; comrade
- a person employed to live or travel with another
- either of two persons not married to each other but otherwise in an intimate, spouse-like relationship: often, specif., used when the persons are of the same sex
- [C-] a member of the lowest rank in an order of knighthood
- a thing that matches another in sort, color, etc.; one of a pair or set
- a handbook on a specific subject: a companion to French literature
- a pet, esp. one toward which one feels companionshipoften animal companion
- Obs. a scoundrel
Origin of companionMiddle English compainoun from Old French compagnon from Vulgar Latin an unverified form companio, literally , bread fellow, messmate (calque of Gothic gahlaiba, one who eats of the same bread from ga-, with + hlaifs, bread, loaf) from Classical Latin com-, with + panis, bread
- the covering at the head of a companionway
Origin of companionDutch kampanje, quarterdeck from Old French compagne, steward's room in a galley from Italian (camera della) compagna, (room of the) company, crew from Vulgar Latin compania: see company
- a. A person who accompanies or associates with another; a comrade.b. A domestic partner.
- A person employed to assist, live with, or travel with another.
- One of a pair or set of things; a mate.
transitive verbcom·pan·ioned, com·pan·ion·ing, com·pan·ions
Origin of companionMiddle English compaignyon from Old French compaignon from Vulgar Latin compāniō *compāniōn-Latin com- com- Latin pānis bread ; see pā- in Indo-European roots.
- A friend, acquaintance, or partner; someone with whom one spends time or keeps company
- His dog has been his trusted companion for the last five years.
- (dated) A person employed to accompany or travel with another.
- (nautical) The framework on the quarterdeck of a sailing ship through which daylight entered the cabins below.
- (nautical) The covering of a hatchway on an upper deck which leads to the companionway; the stairs themselves.
- (topology) A knot in whose neighborhood another, specified knot meets every meridian disk.
- (figuratively) A thing or phenomenon that is closely associated with another thing, phenomenon, or person.
- (astronomy) A celestial object that is associated with another.
- A knight of the lowest rank in certain orders.
- a companion of the Bath
(third-person singular simple present companions, present participle companioning, simple past and past participle companioned)
From Middle English companion, from Old French compaignon (“companion”) (modern French compagnon), from Late Latin compāniōn- (nominative singular compāniō, whence French copain), from com- + pānis (literally, with + bread), a word first attested in the Frankish Lex Salica as a translation of a Germanic word, probably Frankish *galaibo, *gahlaibo (“messmate”, literally “with-bread”), from *hlaib (“loaf, bread”). Compare also Old High German galeipo (“messmate”), Gothic (gahlaiba, “messmate”), Old Armenian ընկեր (ənker, “friend”, literally “messmate”). More at co-, loaf.